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Section Title Primary information Description and Notes Suggested resources
Lesson Length The expected lesson length will be approximately one hour

Some variation possible.

Assessment Level 1

Students The lesson is suitable for KS3 and KS4 students Since this is a new specification, the lesson is suitable for Year 7 to 9 students and differentiated by outcome  
Overall Focus The focus for this entire block will be in developing a data collection project.  In this session, the focus is looking at the ways that they could extend their work to meet additional needs Students should have generated some of this material already as they really will have addressed some of their audience or customer needs, but here they need to investigate additional needs.

Lesson Links: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39

Key words application, file format, portability, open source, proprietary, standard, SMART, feedback These words need to be reinforced throughout the series of lessons  


Evidence here will be student's own work and assessor observations  
Key Questions Some questions to get learners thinking about the topics Students will need to show that they are aware of the needs of people they might be designing for, and in some instances, might need to second guess these people as they may not be aware of the potential available to them via computers, where the students will be. What is the best way to show other people what is possible? What about showing people what is probable, rather than possible?  Do people always know what it is they want or need?  How do you help them in this case?
Learning Objectives
  • displaying an awareness of people's needs
  • be able to explain other people's needs
  • be able to discuss how to address other people's needs

Students may not have the skills, nor would they be required too for the criterion, to be able to program or develop complex systems to work with awareness.  The example in the Handbook relates to context aware bus stops.  However, they should at least be able to show that they understand that these factors are important and have some idea how they might be addressed, even if they can't carry this out,

If you are using the Learning Machine learning system, students can add their comments and material to this site as evidence of their growing understanding.  The site, if used consistently, will show progression via charts of activity and outcomes.
Teaching and Learning Elements
  • Introduction to needs analysis
  • Detailed examples of potential needs
  • Students can break into groups and work on their own understanding and examples of the idea
  • Class discussion and examples of their findings
  • Group or individual work on developing their own solutions

Students will need to be introduced to a range of ideas that relate to needs analysis.  If possible, it would be useful to show students some possibilities such as VR or text to speech to show in what ways they could enhance the experience and therefore the solution to potential problems by using computers and computer programming.

Use some of the student's ideas and examples to flesh out a solid understanding before progressing

Question students about how and why they did what they did.  Check for understanding.


Lesson Structure Possible structure
  1. introduction to needs analysis
  2. take a detailed look at how to build this approach into system design and prototyping exercises
  3. detailed look at needs based solutions
  4. discuss what they have learned and what they can apply
  5. volunteers to share their work and explain how they came to their opinions
  6. highlight next week's focus and issue homework

Post it board image

Students need to show an awareness of people's needs in terms of working on any projects, though specifically on this data collection project.  The easiest way to achieve this is to ask people verbally or gather their needs via a questionnaire.   This can be designed with on-line questionnaire and survey tools such as Google logo forms which are part of Google docs.  You can easily design a set of basic needs questions and then give participants the correct URL for them to fill it in.

There are numerous other online survey tools that can be used.

Homework Get students to find two interesting examples of systems or devices that assist people in their particular needs, i.e. braille based computer keyboards. Students can vary their homework depending on their level of understanding Get students to document their experience on their portfolio system for assessment


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