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Section Title Primary information Description and Notes Suggested resources
Lesson Length The expected lesson length will be approximately one hour

Some variation possible.

Assessment Level 1

Students The lesson is suitable for KS3 and KS4 students Since this is a new specification, the lesson is suitable for Year 7 to 9 students and differentiated by outcome  
Overall Focus This lesson is a continuing look at binary patterns

Students should be able to understand some of the basic principles of binary and be introduced to the ways that it works.  They can then apply this knowledge to practical applications.

Lesson Links: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39

Key words logic, statements, Boolean, conditional, binary These words need to be reinforced throughout the series of lessons  
Assessment represent numbers using binary patterns

Evidence here will be student's own work and assessor observations.

Key Questions Some questions to get learners thinking about the topics Some questions about how to understand binary patterns and binary functions in a wider sense What function does binary play in computing?  How easy is it to understand?  What methods can you use to understand it and apply it?
Learning Objectives
  • To understand binary patterns
  • To explore and explain binary
  • To understand how and why binary is used in computing

Students need to show that they understand binary and can interpret when it is used and why

If you are using the Learning Machine learning system, students can add their comments and material to this site as evidence of their growing understanding.  The site, if used consistently, will show progression via charts of activity and outcomes.
Teaching and Learning Elements
  • Class based review of binary patterns
  • Groups working on examples and documenting their findings
  • Detailed look at methods of dealing with binary


Binary graphic

A computer is dealing with electrical signals, albeit very quickly, and this is the essence of binary.  It is either true/on/1 or false/off/0.  Eight of these signals, or binary digits (bits) makes a byte.  1024 bytes makes a kilobyte, etc, etc Infinity graphic You don't need to deal with each individual byte, but do need to know how these are dealt with in binary to understand the fundamentals of a computer.

X code logo This site has an interface to let you translate different elements into their binary equivalent.  

The BBC also has some good working examples and graphics to explain binary clearly.  This game is also quite useful from Cisco.


Lesson Structure Possible structure
  1. continuing to look at binary
  2. practical with students finding examples about binary to test their understanding
  3. groups work on testing binary examples
  4. check they understand the ideas behind the application of binary
  5. write-up ideas
  6. intro to next session

Data stream graphic

Students can be introduced to binary and then work with some examples to make sure that they understand some of the basic patterns where binary is used.  They can watch Warriors on the Net again to show how it ties together with computers and the Internet.  True and false millions of times a second.

Students can work on looking at IP addresses and converting these into binary patterns.  Lookup your school IP via this site and then convert the IP number to binary.

Homework Students can make a poster about binary for other students Students can vary their homework depending on their level of understanding Students can continue to document their experience on their portfolio system for assessment


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